TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
xiii
Pronunciation
xv
 
1. FUNDAMENTALS
Pronouns
1
Relationship terms used as pronouns
2
Other words used to address people
3
Titles
4
Basic word order
5
To be
6
There is/there exists/it happened
9
The prefix kwam
10
The prefix gan
12
Being
15
Other prefixes/suffixes/compound words
16
 
2. REFERRING TO THINGS
It
23
This/that
24
That (relative pronoun)
27
Possessive
28
Numbers of things
29
Kind/style
30
More things/other thingss
32
Objects - a thing/something/nothing
34
Classifiers for "things" (objects)
36
Actions - things/something/nothing
38
Classifiers for "things" (actions)
39
 
3. REFERRING TO PEOPLE
This person/that person
41
Who (relative pronoun)
43
Numbers of people
44
Someone
47
Anybody/nobody
49
Everyone/some people
50
More people/other people/another person
51
Myself/yourself
53
Together
55
Each other/in a group
56
Using ruam
58
 
4. QUESTIONS
Yes/no questions
59
Other ways to answer "yes"
61
Other ways to answer "no"
61
Confirmation questions
62
Reuh - variations
64
What?
66
Which?
68
Who?/Which person?
68
Why?
70
When?
70
Where?
71
How much?
71
How many?
72
To what extent?/to what point?
72
How?/in what way?
73
What kind?
75
"Some" with questions
75
 
5. EXPANDED SENTENCES
I think that/Do you know if?
77
Do you know who/what/why?
80
Other patterns
83
Using thee
84
Using gan thee
85
 
6. TENSES
Present
87
Future
88
Past
91
Dai before verbs
93
Ever/never/used to
96
 
7. USING VERBS
General patterns
99
Don't
101
I'd rather/let's
102
Secondary verbs
102
Still/not yet
105
Anyway
107
"Again/more" with actions
108
Not anymore/never again
110
Want to/would like to
111
Can/could/able to
112
Expressions with dai
115
Must/have to
116
Should/should have
117
Sure/not sure
120
Probably
121
Might/may/maybe
122
Might have/must have/could have
124
Hypothetical meanings
125
Possible/impossible
126
Will/would
127
Would have
128
Other auxiliary verbs
128
Passive voice
130
 
8. USING HAI/REQUESTS
Let/allow
135
Cause
137
Have/make someone do something
139
For me/for you
140
Expressions with hai
141
Requests
142
 
9. CONJUNCTIONS
And
147
Also/too/either
148
Although/even though/even if
150
Because
151
But
153
Except/besides/unless
154
If
156
In case
158
Instead
158
Or
159
Or else/otherwise
160
So/therefore
160
"So/therefore/then" in responses
163
So that/in order to
164
Whether (or not)
166
 
10. USING GAW
Meanings and functions
167
Gaw at the beginning of sentences
168
Gaw with repeated words
169
Expressions with gaw
171
Whatever
174
Whichever
176
Whoever
177
Whenever
179
Wherever
180
However
181
 
11. QUANTIFIERS
Very
183
Other quantifying adverbs
184
Doubling adjectives and adverbs
187
Many/a lot
188
A little/a few
190
Not any at all
192
Too/too much
193
Indefinite quantifiers
194
All/every
194
Both/all three
198
Neither/none/not any
199
Some
200
The greater part/the smaller part
202
Each/every/per
203
Enough
204
Other phrases with "enough"
206
Only/just
208
Quantifiers with requests & suggestions
212
More/less
214
Increase/decrease
218
Up to an amount/to this extent
221
Using numbers
224
Quantity/part/point/level/limit
226
 
12. COMPARISONS
The same
229
The same - other phrases
231
Similar
233
Different
234
Comparative - bigger/better
237
Comparative - other phrases
238
Even
240
Superlative - the biggest/the best
241
Other patterns - comparative & superlative
242
Become bigger/better
245
Equal
247
Other phrases with "equal"
250
The verb "compare"
250
Like this/like that
250
Like/as
253
Looks/looks like/seems
257
It appears that - using tha
259
 
13. PREPOSITIONS
About
261
Uses of reuang
262
Above/over/north of
264
Across from
264
Around/in the area of
265
As/along/according to
266
Before (a place)
267
Behind
267
Between
268
By
268
Far (from)
270
For
272
From
274
In/at
275
In front
277
Near
278
Next to
279
Of
279
On/attached to
280
On/on top of
280
Outside
281
Over
282
Past/beyond
282
To
282
Toward/at
284
Under
284
With
285
Without
286
 
14. PARTICLES & INTERJECTIONS
Ka/krup and variations
287
La and variations
288
Mung
289
Na and variations
290
Nee and variations
292
Rawk
293
Thee
294
Sa - sak and sia
294
See
296
Theuh
297
Interjections
298
 
15. TIME PHRASES
General patterns with time
301
"To be" with time
302
Quantifiers with time
303
Indefinite quantifiers with time
306
Times of day
307
Phrases with days
309
Present time phrases
311
Past time phrases
312
Past phrases with phan ma
318
Future time phrases
318
When (as a conjunction)
323
Other words for "when"
325
Talking about time
326
On time/early/latte
328
 
16. ORDER OF EVENTS
Before
331
Before this/before that
333
First, before something else
334
Then
334
After
336
After this/from now on
338
After that (past/future)
340
After that/from then on (past)
341
As soon as
342
Since
343
Until
344
At first/later/finally
346
First/next/last (person/thing)
348
Simultaneously/at the same time
350
The beginning/middle/end
351
 
17. HOW LONG?
Words for "period of time"
353
How long did you? (past)
355
How long have you? (present perfect)
359
How long will you? (future)
364
Always/continuously
365
Always - phrases with pai and ma
366
All/the whole (phrases)
367
Spending time/taking time
368
Amounts of time - other phrases
369
 
18. FREQUENCY
Often
371
Times/occasions
372
Frequency with days/weeks/etc
374
Questions - How often?
376
More times
378
Always/whenever
378
Sometimes
381
Usually
383
The first time/this time/next time/last time
385
The first day/the last day
388
 
APPENDIX: CLASSIFIERS
Based on characteristics
389
Specific classifiers
390
Special rules: the noun and classifier are the same
398
 
Index - Thai
401
Index - English
425